Like mechanical relays, solid state relays (SSRs) allow one electrical circuit to control a second electrical circuit when there is no direct electrical connection between the two circuits. These two circuits are said to be 'isolated' because there is no conductive path between them.
Also like mechanical relays, solid state relays enable a low power circuit to control a load that uses higher voltage or more current.
An advantage of solid state relays over mechanical relays is that solid state relays require much less activation current (typically 3 to 25 milliamps) than mechanical relays.
Solid state relays have no moving parts. They operate silently.
On the down side, solid state relays usually have only one contact, while mechanical relays often have multiple contacts allowing more complex control functions.